Reed Switch with Arduino

Difficulty
Moderate
Steps
4

A reed switch is an electrical switch that when exposed to a magnetic field, closes a circuit and allows the flow of current. 

In this guide, you will learn how to use a reed switch with an Arduino to turn an LED on and off. 

After mastering this basic concept, you will be able to use reed switches in more advanced Arduino projects!

Step 1  Insert Reed Switch into Breadboard.

  • Insert your Reed Switch into Breadboard so that the header pins are facing your Ardui
  • This module is quite delicate - so be careful when handling it!

Step 2  Connect Arduino Digital 11 to Reed Switch.

  • Connect Arduino Digital 11 to Reed Switch.

Step 3  Connect Arduino GND to the Reed Switch.

  • Connect Arduino GND to the 'S' of the Reed Switch.
  • The Reed Switch is not polarised so you could switch around the '–' and 'S' jumper wires.

Step 4  Code for the Reed Switch Module.


              const int reed_pin = 11; // Pin connected to reed switch
const int led_pin = 13; // LED pin - active-high

void setup() 
{
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(reed_pin, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(led_pin, OUTPUT);
}

void loop() 
{
  int proximity = digitalRead(reed_pin); // Read the state of the switch
  if (proximity == LOW) // If the pin reads low, the switch is closed.
  {
    Serial.println("Switch closed");
    digitalWrite(led_pin, HIGH); // Turn the LED on as magnet passes
  }
  else
  {
    digitalWrite(led_pin, LOW); // Turn the LED off
  }
}
            
  • Copy this code to your Arduino IDE.
  • Upload it to your Arduino.
  • Open the Serial Monitor.
  • As you pass a magnet by the glass tube - the circuit will close and the LED on your Arduino should turn on.
  • The normal state of a Reed switch is closed.