Introduction

An ultrasonic distance sensor measures distance by using ultrasonic waves, and so it can be used for proximity sensing.

In this guide, you will learn to use an ultrasonic distance sensor with a 100% Arduino-compatible board.

After completing this guide, you will gain a basic understanding on how to use an ultrasonic distance sensor and incorporate it into your next Arduino projects.
    • Connect Arduino 5V to the Ultrasonic Range Finder.

    • Connect Arduino Digital 12 to the Ultrasonic Range Finder's Trig Pin.

    • Connect Arduino Digital 11 to the Ultrasonic Range Finder's Echo Pin.

    • Connect Arduino GND to the Ultrasonic Range Finder's GND.

  1. // defines pins numbers
    const int trigPin = 11;
    const int echoPin = 12;
    
    // defines variables
    long duration;
    int distance;
    
    void setup() {
      pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT); // Make the trigPin an OUTPUT
      pinMode(echoPin, INPUT); // Make the echoPin an INPUT
      Serial.begin(9600); // Setup the Serial Port
    }
    
    void loop() {
    
      // Clear the trigPin
      digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
      delayMicroseconds(2);
    
      // Send a pulse by setting the trigPin Higj for 10 Micro seconds
      digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
    
      // Read the length of time for the sound wave to return
      duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
    
      // Calculating the total distance from the object
      distance = duration * 0.034 / 2;
    
      // Prints the distance to the Serial Port
      Serial.print("The Distance Is: ");
      Serial.println(distance);
    }
    • This code will measure the distance from an object and print out the value to your Serial Monitor.

    • Copy and paste the code into your Arduino Software.

    • Upload the code to your Arduino.

    • Set your Serial Monitor at a Baud of 9600.